When to Throw In the Towel

7 09 2013

In the movie Rocky IV, Apollo Creed (who, in case you never saw the films, fights Rocky Balboa in the first two Rocky installments ) decides to fight Russia’s newest boxing sensation, Ivan Drago.  During the big match between Apollo and Ivan, both Rocky and Apollo’s trainer, Duke, know that Apollo is taking a beating and the end result won’t be pretty. Duke begs Rocky to throw in the towel to end the fight, but Rocky, honoring his friend’s request to never stop the match, doesn’t toss the towel. In the end, Apollo takes such a beating that the final blow kills him.

This scene is a great analogy of that human potential trifecta for competitors; body, mind, and spirit. Apollo represents our physical body. Going up against all odds, we push our bodies to the limits. We kep going regardless of the puddles of sweat and painful ache to prove that our muscles can take the constant pounding not only in competition, but also in training. Then there’s the brain represented by Duke’s character. The voice of reason telling us that we should begin to back off or even quit because the result of continuing might be detrimental. Every painful step blasts a signal to our nervous system, letting us know that the body can’t take much more. We think about listening to that voice in our head, but then something else speaks louder. We hear Rocky, our spirit, cry out and tell us not to back down. If we dig down deep enough, we can tell ourselves to forget what the mind is telling us and hold off on throwing in the towel. We are then able to push just a little more, never knowing if the result will be success or utter defeat. We always want to imagine that it’d be the first.

You might have recently seen more articles of runners collapsing during a race in your daily paper or on the news. Headlines warning people of the dangers of long distance running. The stats are in, we do have more people involved in competitions and exercise. There are also reported cases of people getting hurt or evening dying from their participation in long distance races. However, a study by John Hopkins University published in 2012 compared the number of marathon participants and mortality rates between the years of 2000 and 2009 and showed no significant increase in mortality rates compared to the increase in entries.  They also indicated that the data that was collected were from media reports. These findings prove that the death toll of marathon runners are not increasing, but more so, the media attention of these occurences has increased. So why did these individuals have a fatal finish? One possible reason could be related back to our start of this article; the training of our physical abilities or lack there of.

Individuals must know to listen to their bodies when training or competing. It’s also important to have a trainer or coach who also understands your ability level and knows how to progress your training safely. People start to get hurt when they take only the Rocky approach and never tune in to their heads. Undertraining for an event can be as detrimental to your body as overtraining. Those who are getting injured in a competition may be a result of being undertrained and underdeveloped to meet the requirements of the challenging requirements. An article that led to the large research from John Hopkins highlighted a man who passed out during a marathon. Days after, he commented that he was not listening to his body. When training and competing, our state of mind changes and we begin to fight through all the adversaries that come in our way. From the sore muscles, to the dire weather conditions, we tell our bodies that we can persevere. Train smarter and compete smarter, by knowing when to call it quits. Your body, mind, and spirit is a perfect triangle balanced on its point. Knock off one side and the other two will fall also. If your body wasn’t prepared for that last mile hill climb, quitting isn’t failing, but deciding to be wise to come back to it when the complete triad is ready.

As we continue to exercise and train to improve ourselves, it is important to know when the time is to throw in that towel.  Progress your training accordingly and train speifical to your goals. Always modify your exercises if necessary to reduce the wear on your bones and joints. Lastly, ask yourself before running that first marathon, “Have I trained enough and if I come to that point where all is failing, will I know when to stop?”

Triumph Over the Female Athlete Triad

25 04 2012

In the last 30 years, females have been engaging in more sports and athletic events than ever before. This is significantly due to the passing of Title IX in 1972, which entitled women to equal participation in sports. Women of all ages have become fitter and more active throughout the last couple of decades, and the advocacy for fitness is great for improving overall health in women. However, within the past 25 years, the female population has been putting its health at risk with a condition known as the “female athlete triad.”  This condition is often noted in the younger age groups, but it affects all ages.


Body image is an underlining concern for many girls in this country. Throughout their young lives, media, peers, and even family members have caused girls to pay considerable attention to their body image. Now that athletics have been added into the equation, we see more stress on females to improve their physiology. Girls participating in ballet, gymnastics, crew, and martial arts are victims of female athlete triad. Coaches, teammates, and parents tell these girls to lose a couple more pounds so that they can perform better.  In actuality, weight loss beyond a healthy weight, does not improve athletic performance.

The consequences of female athlete triad include eating disorder, amenorrhea (menstrual disturbances), and osteoporosis (bone loss). When a person engages in physical activity, the body needs enough nutrients to sustain the energy demands. Female athletes who are self-conscience of their weight will tend to eat less. The energy imbalance begins to affect not only their physical appearance, but also performance and their health. A lack of sustainable fuel in a female body will cause hormonal changes. One known result of the body’s change is amenorrhea (no period or irregular periods). A lack of valuable nutrients, even though the female is participating in physical activity, can potentially cause the bones to become brittle. This process over time will result in osteoporosis. The common signs and symptoms of the condition include: weight loss, no periods or irregular periods, fatigue and decreased ability to concentrate, stress fractures, and muscle injuries. Those who engage in an eating disorder might not even feel like they are doing it. It is important to identify the signs and then to take a correct approach to improve a woman’s health.

If you know of someone who has female athlete triad or feel that you might be heading in that direction yourself, take some time to evaluate the situation and then the steps to improve the condition. Know that the disorder doesn’t just strike young girls. Adults and even non-elite athletes can fall into the triad. If you are physically active or engage in daily exercise, you may be a victim of this disorder. Talking to your physician or internist is the first step to providing the body with the right intervention. The Female Athlete Triad Coalition (www.femaleathletetriad.org) and kidshealth.org provide additional information on the treatment and prevention of female athlete triad.

L DiPietro and N S Stachenfeld. (2006). The myth of the female athlete triad. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 40(6): 490-493

Female Athlete Triad from http://kidshealth.org/teen/food_fitness/sports/triad.html#

Female Athlete Triad Coalition from www.femaleathletetriad.org